House of Energy er partner i projektet HeatReFlex – Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling i Tyrkiet.
Tyrkiets befolkningstal er stigende og landet oplever økonomisk vækst, hvilket medfører et øget energibehov. Forventningen er, at Tyrkiet er det land, blandt medlemmerne af det Internationale Energiagentur, der vil opleve den største stigning i energibehov.
Tyrkiet har ambitiøse målsætninger for grøn omstilling og vedvarende kilder i energisystemet, og Tyrkiet viser særligt interesse for:
Gennem HeatReFlex-projektet er der gode muligheder for danske virksomheder, der kan have interesse i Tyrkiet.
Tyrkiet kigger meget på både varme og køling i kombination, og det giver gode muligheder for at bruge danske erfaringer, og danske virksomheder kan potentielt afprøve nye integrerede varme/køleløsninger.
Tyrkiet har brug for danske erfaringer, og der er stor interesse for at lære danske produkter og løsninger at kende. Der er brug for at se løsninger, der virker.
Med HeatReFlex-projektet i ryggen giver vi en stærk markedsadgang, da vi har god kontakt til lokale og regionale myndigheder, universiteter og den danske ambassade. Samtidig er der strategisk samarbejde mellem den danske og tyrkiske regering, som giver en god baggrund for at træde ind på det tyrkiske marked.
Workshop i Danmark, hvor danske løsninger kan vises til tyrkiske gæster
I løbet af foråret 2020 inviterer vi til workshop, hvor danske virksomheder kan præsentere deres løsninger for HeatReFlex-projektpartnere og andre tyrkiske interessenter.
7.-9. september afholdes konferencen Smart Energy Systems and Technologies (SEST) i Istanbul. Her planlægger vi at deltage i forbindelse med HeatReFlex-projektet og arbejder på en session, hvor danske virksomheder kan præsentere deres løsninger.
Vil du vide mere om mulighederne i Tyrkiet?
Kontakt Hanne Skovby, tlf. 25201586 eller firstname.lastname@example.org
Herunder kan du læse en længere tekst med flere detaljer omkring de tyrkiske forhold og HeatReflex-projektets aktiviteter. Teksten er på engelsk og er udarbejdet i samarbejde med Projektleder på HeatReFlex, Assoc. Prof. Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam, Aalborg Universitet.
House of Energy is one of five project partners in HeatReFlex – Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling in Turkey.
The other project partners are:
- Aalborg University, Denmark
- Gazi University, Turkey
- Gaziantep University, Turkey
- Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey
HeatReFlex will lay the foundation for a future bottom-up energy system based on renewables, communities (from building-level up to cities and beyond), and flexibility providing better user motivation/engagement, stability, and transition to sustainability in Turkey to meet the climate commitments and improve economic competitiveness by employing the Danish experience on efficient heating/cooling technologies.
In the following Project Manager, Assoc. Prof. Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam from Aalborg University gives us an introduction to the project, the Turkish conditions, upcoming activities and relevance to Danish energy companies.
The current system in Turkey
In Turkey the average annual increase in energy demand in the building sector has been determined as 4.4% and the share of the annual energy consumption of buildings in Turkey has reached to 32.8% (nearly one third of the total energy demand). At the supply side, renewables are not widely used in the sector except for the big hydro capacity: natural gas is the largest primary energy source for heating and cooling followed by coal, fuel oil, and some renewable energy sources (wind, PV, and Biomass. Other renewables like solar (thermal) energy, ambient heat and geothermal energy account for less than 2% all together, and other fossil fuels to 4%. Overall, renewable energy accounts for 18% of primary energy consumption in the heating and cooling sector and there is a significant potential to increase its share.
To match Turkish challenges and demand with Danish competences, a strategic sector cooperation project has been initiated between these two countries in March 2017 with a focus on developing relevant polices and strategies to enable a low-carbon transition of Turkish energy sector, achieving the government’s long-term objectives for energy efficiency and district energy and increasing the capacity of implementation of the planned new legislation on heat supply.
As a complement to that project, HeatReFlex mixes state-of-the-art methods from different disciplines into a novel co-creation approach. Specifically, HeatReFlex contributes with practice theory to focus the study on how technological solutions are used in practice (in real-life settings). It applies a series of process-oriented tools and a set of analytical tools that identify, quantify and benchmark distinct business model configurations regarding the relevant polices and strategies made by the former project. HeatReFlex also contributes in (thermal) energy systems and subsystems planning and integration at different scales.
HeatReFlex is keen to provide tailor-made solutions required by the Turkish energy sector
Turkey has a growing population and an expanding economy, and consequently, the largest projected rise in energy demand of any member of the International Energy Agency. The current energy policy objectives of the Turkish government place key emphasis on increasing domestic energy production including harvesting unused surplus heat and enabling a low-carbon transition of the energy sector and achieving the long-term objectives for renewable energy, energy efficiency and district energy (in accordance with the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7, 9 and 11). This has recently become even more important politically for Turkey due to the Turkish Lira having lost 28% of its value from the beginning of August 2018 until now. Bearing this in mind that the EU and member states aim to have 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, 20% reduction in energy use due to energy efficiency improvements, and 20% share in total consumption of renewable energy by 2020, according to 20-20-20 targets, there is a need to find appropriate solutions to meet these objectives. Considering the above-mentioned points, HeatReFlex is keen to provide tailor-made solutions required by the Turkish energy sector.
The bottom up-approach
In the bottom up-approach the focus is given to individual technologies and solutions for delivering energy services. For such technologies, the approach attempts to estimate the costs and benefits associated with investments in increased energy efficiency, often in the context of sustainability, reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission or other economic-environmental impacts.
In HeatReFlex we start with a simple case; a single building where we consider thermal energy consumption and production and available options for energy balancing in such system (such as control of temperature-shiftable thermal loads and/or using alternative energy production and storage units). Here, our existing knowledge, concepts, and systems can be put together, integrated, and refined, forming a strong basis for the next cases. The cases then progressively enlarge and develop the community (from a local area to city and beyond), the business model (adding social aspects, self-consumption, and trading), the devices (adding different thermal energy sources, storage, conversion, and external/trading systems), and the data and computing (supporting short and long-term energy balancing and optimization). For each case, a set of criteria to assess the efficiency of the systems is defined. By shifting from end-use kWh savings to the measure of all primary energy savings, and by moving from a building-bound analysis to a broader systemic-perspective, our analysis finally offer a valuable tool for policy-makers to benchmark the competing technologies on the heating and cooling market.
HeatReFlex has been designed in three work packages covering different aspects such as:
- heating/cooling solutions in local areas
- energy hubs for district heating/cooling
- community-level plans for heating/cooling
So far, energy mapping and forecasting (e.g., heating/cooling, and electricity demands) at different temporal and spatial scales has been done together with our partner SSC project “Efficient and Low Carbon Heating Cooling”. Key figures for energy demand divided according to climate zones and building categories have been extracted. At the building level, a number of cost-effective and emission-aware solutions for flexible thermal energy production and storage has been generated. Thermal power extraction from different sources in a district area (i.e., a neighbourhood with multiple buildings) has been studied in selected regions in Turkey. Different designs of small-scale combined cooling, heating and power systems (CCHP) for waste heat recovery mainly from cement plants and municipal wastes have been proposed and analysed considering thermodynamic, sustainability and economic aspects. Modelling and analysis of renewable-based systems such as geothermal as well as solar boosted biomass-driven micro-CCHPs for domestic application in Izmir-Balcova and Gaziantep has been performed recently.
The project team is now working on a hybrid solution for utilization of waste heat and low-medium temperature geothermal heat sources in a centralized domestic heating, cooling and electricity network in line with sustainable development. Producing bio-electricity and bio-heat from urban sewage sludge is another activity conducted in close collaboration with Gaziantep metropolitan municipality.
As the next step, HeatReFlex is going to focus on developing the business case of high-efficiency multi-energy system that not only supports heating sector decarbonization through supply-side contribution, but also support user’s practices in demand response actions.
Project workshop in Denmark – spring 2020
The partners in HeatReFlex are planning to host a networking event with producers, customers, advisors, private/public utilities, municipalities and other stakeholders with an interest in energy. The event will preferably be in March 2020, where we invite interested collaborators and tell more about an upcoming event in September 2020 in Istanbul.
The focus areas of the workshop held in Denmark will be:
- Solar thermal
- Heat pumps
- Modular cooling & AC systems
- Local co- and tri-generation
In September 2020, we are going to organize a networking event in Istanbul to create an efficient synergy among project partners and potential customers, collaborators, advisors, private/public utilities, municipalities and other interested stakeholders.
Why is HeatReFlex relevant to Danish companies and Danish researchers?
Denmark is leading the way with a unique yet efficient method of producing and supplying energy to both residential and commercial premises. The district heating system is a cornerstone in Denmark’s green and efficient energy system. Not only does district heating ensure that Denmark has a sound and reliable heating supply, but also greatly supports Denmark in maintaining a sustainable energy sector and fulfilling the long-term energy policy targets.
We believe that the Danish companies and researchers could greatly help us to match Turkish challenges and demand with Danish competences. Some of the key areas include but not limited to:
- Renewable solutions for district heating and/or cooling
- Upgrading efficiency of existing energy systems
- Local co- and tri-generation
- Energy conversion, conservation and management
- Waste to energy with specific focus on district heating/cooling
- Emerging technologies and heat pumps
- Modular cooling & AC system
Read more about the HeatReFlex project: www.heatreflex.et.aau.dk